WP3 – Develop UAS 5G Technology

In work package 3, we developed the DroneID5G unit for small UAVs, enabling 5G remote identification and served as basis for the AirPlate spin-out.

We also integrated 5G connectivity into UAV terminals via the Lorenz AI-Link platform, and explored 5G-based Command & Control (C2) functionality and implement a Detect-and-Avoid (DAA) module.

We demonstrated enhanced positioning accuracy achieved by integrating RTK-GNSS over 5G.

Finally, we implemented real-time streaming capabilities, optimizing workflow for autonomous flights. This technology opens opportunities for complex Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) flights.

However, in work package 3, it also became apparent that the Danish national approach to U-space and drone strategy posed challenges for exploiting technological advances.

Key findings and outcomes from WP 3

  • Integrated state-of-the-art 5G technology into drones: We demonstrated U-space services on a 5G-enabled drone, including Network Remote ID and Detect-and-Avoid (DAA) using Traffic information.
  • Applicability assessment: We explored the use of LTE-M for Network Remote ID and DAA.Investigated 5G as a Command & Control (C2) link.
  • Validation of precise location: We supported Ericsson in validating 3GPP LPP RTK precise location in 3D.
  • BVLOS capability: We explored SORA for Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) flights in HCAA (not yet approved) using 5G as the C2 link.
  • Empirical data collection: We gathered empirical data on the 5G network across different global positions and altitudes.

Future Opportunities

  • Technological advancements: 5G UAS technology can be further developed, including complete drone systems (e.g., CoDrone) and infrastructure components (e.g., AirPlate) and enhance specific technological subsystems.
  • Diverse deployment scenarios: To further explore the potential of the systems, drones should be deployed across various scenarios, such as inspection, monitoring, and more, leveraging 5G capabilities.