WP1 – Establish 5G UAS network

The key objective of work package 1 was to develop a 5G UAS (Unmanned Aerial Systems) network with 3D coverage specifically tailored for drones at the UAS Denmark Test Center located at HCA Airport in Odense.

Within this 5G UAS network, the focus has been on developing innovative U-space services. These services will leverage the Quality of Service (QoS) capabilities inherent in 5G technology. The goal was to enhance UAS operations by delivering reliable, low-latency communication, prioritizing critical data, and optimizing resource allocation.

The Ericsson Drone Mobility (EDM) prototype played a pivotal role in this. Designed to operate at the network level, EDM harnesses 5G functionalities such as precise positioning and QoS management specifically for UAS.

By supporting the continued development of EDM, the project aims to unlock the full potential of 5G for UAS applications.

Key findings and outcome from WP 1

UAV real-time performance observability
  • Ericsson’s solution, integrated into the live 5G network system operated by TDC NET, demonstrated real-time performance observability for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) during IDS23. This achievement underscores the seamless integration of UAV data within the 5G ecosystem.
SIM density mapping in Odense

In the Odense area, TDC NET successfully implemented a SIM density map using Ericsson’s technology. This map provides valuable insights into network coverage and usage patterns, crucial for optimizing UAV operations.

Ericsson 3GPP RTK verification
  • SDU conducted in-field verification of Ericsson’s 3GPP RTK (Real-Time Kinematics) technology alongside TDC NET and Geoteam’s commercial network. This validation ensures precise positioning for UAVs, enhancing their operational accuracy.
3D measurement campaigns at HCA Airport
  • DTU (Technical University of Denmark) executed extensive 3D measurement campaigns at HCA Airport. Leveraging the TSMA6B network scanner from Rhodes & Schwarz. These measurements were processed and analyzed using MATLAB.
  • Model identification (e.g., log-distance, Free Space Path Loss) and computation of relevant variables were conducted by DTU to develop a comprehensive 3D path loss model.
GENIUS recognition
  • The GENIUS project gained recognition and secured a listing in the GSMA drone project index for Denmark.

Future Opportunities

  • Telco networks are evolving to provide 5G connectivity with a focus on security and privacy. A unified API developer interface is emerging.
  • GENIUS has technically demonstrated connectivity and exposure services within a live network. Once a proper ecosystem and regulations are in place, these services can support the full life cycle of UAV operations in Denmark.